Social conflict and spatial inequality.

by J. M. Simmie

Publisher: University College, School of Environmental Studies in London

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 569
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Edition Notes

SeriesTown planning discussion paper -- no.20
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13957713M

The Maoist insurgency in Nepal is one of the highest intensity internal conflicts in recent times. Investigation into the causes of the conflict would suggest that grievance rather than greed is the main motivating force. The concept of horizontal or inter-group inequality, with both an ethnic and caste dimension, is highly relevant in explaining the Nepalese civil war. There is also a spatial. Spatial inequality is a dimension of overall inequality, but it has added significance when spatial and regional divisions align with political and ethnic tensions to undermine social and political stability. This book contains a selection of papers from the UNU-WIDER conference on Spatial Disparities in Asia, held in March at UNU. Peace and Conflict is a publication that provides cutting-edge data and analysis concerning domestic and international conflicts, other types of political violence and upheaval, and corresponding peacebuilding edition of the book examines patterns and trends of events and key dimensions related to conflict and peacebuilding, as well as future risks of political and social. The book is organized around conceptual and methodological issues, studies of spatial inequality, and future directions in spatial sociology. Sociologists are encouraged to pay attention to the scale of geographic levels at which social processes occur.

  Cook K. () Social Capital and Inequality: The Significance of Social Connections. In: McLeod J., Lawler E., Schwalbe M. (eds) Handbook of the Social Psychology of Inequality. Handbooks of Sociology and Social by: 4.   We then draw on pragmatist social thought and criminological theory to provide an integrated social psychological explanation that helps explain how social inequality may produce high rates of crime. We apply this perspective to explain crime rates across neighborhoods and communities, as well as crime across the life by: 3. Social change The transformation of culture (especially norms and values), behavior, social institutions, and social structure over time. refers to the transformation of culture, behavior, social institutions, and social structure over time. We are familiar from earlier chapters with the basic types of society: hunting and gathering, horticultural and pastoral, agricultural, industrial, and. POVERTY, INEQUALITY AND THE NATURE OF ECONOMIC GROWTH IN SOUTH AFRICA levels of inequality have given rise to disruptive social movements and social conflict. In an article focusing on democracy in Africa, Lewis () describes the phenomenon of “growth without Inequality and the Nature of Economic Growth in South Africa * * * *

The Harvard Multidisciplinary Program in Inequality & Social Policy brings together the social sciences in the study of poverty, inequality, and economic mobility.   The definition that the book provides for sexual orientation is “the gender or genders to which a person is predominantly attracted- physically, emotionally, and affectionately (Healey and O’Brien ). In this blog post, I wanted to address the social and environmental factors that attribute to how society perceives the LGBTQ community. , Book, Español Chile, Inequality, Mexico, Peru, Poverty Read More Growth, poverty and inequality in sub-national development: learning from Latin America’s territories. With a methodological focus, the book explores new methods and data sources that can offer fresh perspectives on segregation in different contexts. It considers how the spatial patterning of segregation might be best understood and measured, outlines some of the mechanisms that drive it, and discusses its possible social outcomes.

Social conflict and spatial inequality. by J. M. Simmie Download PDF EPUB FB2

Marx focus on social strata rather than social inequality in general Marx used the term “class” to refer to the main stratas in all stratification system.

A class is a social group whose members share the same relationship to the forces of Size: KB. Functionalist theorists believe that inequality is inevitable and desirable and plays an important function in society. Important positions in society require more training and thus should receive more rewards.

Social inequality and social stratification, according to this view, lead to a meritocracy based on ability.; Conflict theorists, on the other hand, view inequality as resulting from Author: Ashley Crossman.

Introduction. Conflict theory is a rather fuzzy theoretical paradigm in sociological thinking. The term conflict theory crystallized in the s as sociologists like Lewis Coser and Ralf Dahrendorf criticized the then dominant structural functionalism in sociology for overly emphasizing the consensual, conflict-free nature of societies (see Classics of the Conflict Theory Paradigm).

Book Spatial Inequality and Development India, Mexico, and South Africa, as well as most other developing and transition economies, spatial and regional inequality - of economic activity, incomes, and social indicators - is on the increase.

Spatial inequality is a dimension of overall inequality, but it has added significance when spatial. They pay particular attention to the social conflict that extraction consistently produces, and they ask how far this conflict might usher in political and institutional changes that could lead to a more productive relationship between extraction and development.

Nancy McCormack, Catherine Cotter, in Managing Burnout in the Workplace, Role conflict and role ambiguity. Role conflict and role ambiguity have both been linked to burnout. Role ambiguity is a term used to describe the lack of clarity, certainty and/or predictability one might have expected with regards to behaviour in a job (due, perhaps to an ill-defined or ambiguous job description.

2. Social spending, on public services such as education, health and social protection, is also important. Evidence from more than countries – rich and poor, and spanning over 30 years – shows that overall, investment in public services and social protection can tackle inequality.

Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide. Forged from a partnership between a university press and a library, Project MUSE is a trusted part of the academic and scholarly community it by: Social inequality occurs when resources in a given society are distributed unevenly, typically through norms of allocation, that engender specific patterns along lines of socially defined categories of persons.

It is the differentiation preference of access of social goods in the society brought about by power, religion, kinship, prestige, race, ethnicity, gender, age, sexual orientation, and.

First, I discuss why attention to subnational inequality, rural regions, and middle-range spatial units are important to social science understanding of stratification : Pierce Greenberg. Social Alternatives is an independent, quarterly refereed journal which aims to promote public debate, commentary and dialogue about contemporary social, political, economic and environmental issues.

In Memoriam: Ralph Summy: A journey in pursuit of nonviolence. (Click here) Social Alternatives analyses, critiques, and reviews contemporary social issues and problems. Modelling of social conflict: socio of some of its members other = inequality of social positions where persons can change their opinions but not their spatial positions, and (ii) a model.

Social Stratification can be described as socially-patterned inequality of access to things that a culture defines as desirable. Social stratification is a topic of extraordinarybreadth. Stratification pervades all aspects of culture and society, and stratification perfusesthe points.

the spatial and social separation of people by race/ethnicity, class, gender, religion, or other social characteristics. racial and ethnic inequality (conflict perspective perspective) design inequality in terms of economic stratification and access to power; class perspectives, split-labor market theory, gendered racism, internal colonialism.

Social inequality is the existence of unequal opportunities and rewards for different social positions or statuses within a group or society.

Two approaches exist to explain why poverty exists. Inequality, Grievances, and Civil War provides very robust evidence in support of the claim that grievances do matter after all and that ethnicity is a key driver of conflict when conceptualized in terms of the inequalities between ethnic groups.

This is a major contribution that will shape research on civil conflict in a decisive way."Cited by: Drawing on data from 25 countries from all regions of the world, this book addresses questions that have become very important in recent years, as the spatial dimensions of inequality have begun to attract considerable policy interest; what is spatial inequality.

Why does it matter. And what should be the policy response to it. In China, Russia, India, Mexico, and South Africa, as well as in. since The overall inequality measure remains little affected by the urban/rural divide, but differences between governorates account for 8 percent of total inequality.

Income inequality is higher when measured with income than with consumption. Furthermore, social transfers buffer income inequality by bringing down income.

Social accountability is an important component of an overall good governance framework. This three-module course introduces participants to the concept of social accountability and provides the skills necessary to design effective, context-specific initiatives at the local level.

Key Aspects of Social Inequality in the EU. Social inequality is a major threat to European Union’s progress and expansion despite its well-developed economy. Most members of European Union countries are undergoing high level of social inequality including social challenges and intensive poverty level (Kramer, ).

Crucially, the book explores the role of place of residence, spatial mobility, and spatial inequality as key factors in determining access to opportunities such as housing, education, employment, and other amenities, both in the suburbs and in the city.

Darden's research interests are urban social geography, residential segregation, and. Conflict theorists argue that order theorists understate the centrality of money in determining where people fall in the class system.

Conflict theorists, in contrast to order theorists, focus on money and power, rather than on lifestyle. Conflict theorists also differ from order theorists in how they view occupation as a criterion for social. The diverse social backgrounds of urban residents also contribute to certain types of conflict.

According to symbolic interactionism, social inequality based on social class, race/ethnicity, gender, age, and sexual orientation affects the quality of urban experiences. Social polarization is associated with the segregation within a society that may emerge from income inequality, real-estate fluctuations, economic displacements etc.

and result in such differentiation that would consist of various social groups, from high-income to is a state and/or a tendency denoting the growth of groups at the extremities of the social hierarchy and the.

Exclusion based on spatial factors Spatial inequalities include disparities between rural and urban areas, and also between geographically advantaged and disadvantaged areas. Spatial disadvantage may result from the remoteness of a location which makes it physically difficult for its inhabitants to participate in broader socio-economic processes.

Before we start to look at the implications of Marx's analysis of social stratification for both social change and social stability, we can recap and expand some of the main features and implications of Marx's basic arguments in the following terms: 1.

All societies are characterized by the struggle between social classes; between, on the oneFile Size: 46KB. Morrill, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, Urban Inequality: Unequal treatment of categories of people.

Many books focus on spatial inequality in US and European cities, e.g. Badcock (), Gottdiener () and Katznelson ().An influential segment of the intellectual and planning community advocates fairly radical efforts to break down the.

The concept of horizontal or intergroup inequality, with both an ethnic and caste dimension, is highly relevant in explaining the Nepalese civil war. There is also a spatial aspect to the conflict, which is most intense in the most disadvantaged areas in terms of human development indicators and land by: contrast, inequality falls or remains stable if growth takes place in labour-intensive manufacturing, construction and agriculture.

This book considers inequality as a byproduct of regressive taxes, unresponsive wage structures and inadequate investment in education, health and social protection for vulnerable and marginalised.

Peace and Conflict - Kindle edition by Backer, David, Bhavnani, Ravinder, Huth, Paul. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets.

Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Peace and Conflict. Silver, H.,‘Social Exclusion and Social Solidarity: Three Paradigms’, International Labour Review, VolumeNumberspp.

How are we to understand the new social problems that have arisen as a result of the economic. In Spaces of Conflict, Sounds of Solidarity, Gaye Theresa Johnson examines interracial anti-racist alliances, divisions among aggrieved minority communities, and the cultural expressions and spatial politics that emerge from the mutual struggles of Blacks and Chicanos in Los Angeles from the s to the present.

Johnson argues that struggles waged in response to institutional and social.Critical Theories: Marxist, Conflict, and Feminist. At the heart of the theories in this chapter is social stratification by class and power, and they are the most “politicized” of all criminological theories.

Sanyika Shakur, aka Kody Scott, came toFile Size: KB.